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Environment

Pulses are one of the most ecologically sustainable agricultural solutions on the planet, thanks to their natural ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, grow on rain-fed soil, and provide a healthy source of protein.

Pulses are environment friendly. For instance, the pigeonpea plant's woody stems are valuable as firewood, thatch, and fencing. The leaves are an important source of organic matter and nitrogen; adding as much as 40 kg per hectare to the soil. The cowpea plant’s foliage is a great source of livestock feed, and therefore of great value to farmers.

The cultivation of pulses and legumes has several benefits for the farming community, the land and society in general:
Reduction of fertilizer costs, as farmers do not need to supply nitrogen, the main component of most fertilizers.
Natural rejuvenation of the soil, as the pulse crops fix nitrogen.
Low water usage, as the crops do not require extensive irrigation.
Reduction in CO2 emissions, as there is a reduced need for fertilizers and, subsequently, fossil fuels that are used to manufacture fertilizers.
Reduction in greenhouse gases (along with the absorption of CO2, pulse crops also lower nitrous oxide levels in the atmosphere by their ability to fix nitrogen).
Providing a vegetarian alternative to animal protein.
 
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